Robert W. McGuire, Jr.


Robert W Barnard

United States Army


September 11, 1827


July 21, 1870

At the beginning of the Civil War, Barnard was commissioned a First Lieutenant in the newly-formed 19th US Infantry Regiment – a part of the regular Army. He participated in Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign and was promoted to Colonel as the Commander of the 101st Regiment, United States Colored Troops (USCT) in 1864 at the conclusion of the Campaign. These were units of black soldiers who had been termed “Contrabands”: mostly escaped slaves and others who had been freed by Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation that was effective January 1, 1863. Following the end of the War, he participated in the controversial Reconstruction activities, commanding Federal troops that had the responsibility of protecting African Americans in the South. Finally, he  commanded several units that participated in the Indian Wars in the Southwest until his death from hepatitis in Baton Rouge, LA in 1870.

Record of Military Service:

May 14, 1861—Commissioned 1st Lieutenant, 19th US Infantry

1861 to 1863—Detached Recruiting Duty

March 1863—Rejoined 19th Regiment for Chattanooga Campaign

July 16, 1863—Promoted to Captain

December 1863—At Convalescent Camp, Bridgeport, Alabama

May 1864—Commanding 1st Battalion, 19th US Infantry Regiment

June 1864—Commanding Contraband Camp, Dept. of the Cumberland

September 16, 1864—Colonel, 101st USCT, Nashville, Tennessee

November 1864—Madison Station, Alabama; Brevet Major, Atlanta Campaign

January 8, 1865—Scottsboro Alabama

November 1, 1864 to June 3, 1865, Colonel, F&S, 101st USCT

March 19, 1865—Chief, Office of Contrabands, Dept. of the Cumberland, Nashville, Tennessee

January 1866—Return to 19th US Infantry Regiment

April 1866—Commanding Ft. Smith, Arkansas; HQ 3rd Battalion, 19th Infantry, Little Rock, Arkansas; F Company, 3rd Battalion, 19th Infantry

September 21, 1866—Transferred to 37th US Infantry Regiment

March 31, 1869—Transferred to 19th US Infantry Regiment