Robert Barnard

Colonel

Robert W Barnard

United States Army

Born

September 11, 1827

Died

July 21, 1870

At the beginning of the Civil War, Barnard was commissioned a First Lieutenant in the newly-formed 19th US Infantry Regiment – a part of the regular Army. He participated in Sherman’s Atlanta Campaign and was promoted to Colonel as the Commander of the 101st Regiment, United States Colored Troop in 1864 at the conclusion of the Campaign. These were units of black soldiers who had been termed “Contrabands”: mostly escaped slaves and others who had been freed by Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation that was effective January 1, 1863. Following the end of the War, he participated in the controversial Reconstruction activities, commanding federal troops that had the responsibility of protecting African Americans in the South. Finally, he  commanded several units that participated in the Indian Wars in the Southwest until his death from hepatitis in Baton Rouge, LA in 1870.